Sad (Serbian: Novi Sad; Slovak: Nový
Sad; Hungarian: Újvidék;
Croatian: Novi Sad; Romanian: Novi Sad;
German: Neusatz; Latin: Neoplanta) is
a city in northern Serbia, located at
45.25° N, 19.85° E, on the banks
of the Danube river. It is the capital
of the Vojvodina province and a large
industrial and cultural center. Its name
means "New Planting" (noun)
in Serbian. The city's population was
215,659 in 2002 and 298,139 with the surrounding
inhabited places of the municipality included.
An unofficial estimate of the current
city population is approximately 240,000-250,000.
The city of Novi Sad comprises Novi Sad
proper and the settlements of Petrovaradin
and Sremska Kamenica. The metropolitan
area of Novi Sad also comprises Futog,
Veternik, Bukovac and Ledinci. There are
also several other settlements in Novi
Sad municipality, but these settlements
are physically separated from the city.
Sad is the second-largest city in Serbia-Montenegro
(after Belgrade) and the administrative
center of the South Backa District of
Serbia. According to the 2002 census,
the population of Novi Sad is composed
of Serbs (75,50%), Hungarians (5,24%),
Yugoslavs (3,17%), Slovaks (2,41%), Croats
(2,09%), Montenegrins (1,68%) and others.
Human settlement in the territory of present-day
Novi Sad has been traced as far back as
the Stone Age (about 4500 BC). This settlement
was located on the right side of the river
Danube in the territory of present day
Petrovaradin. This region was conquered
by Celts (in the 4th century BC) and Romans
(in the 1st century BC).